The great debate occurs every year:

“Am I expecting too much of my child or not enough?”
“Is this groaning and moaning about writing just a discipline problem, a character issue, or is there really a problem here?”

Common comments I hear from homeschool moms are:

“She can tell me the answers well orally, but then it takes her an hour to write it down!”
“When he writes his spelling words to learn them, he leaves letters out of the words.”
“If he dictates to me, the story is great, but he can’t write it himself.”
“His dad says that he’s just lazy and unmotivated. He can do his work if he really tries.”

One of the most common and most misdiagnosed processing problems in children is a blocked writing gate. This is the number one processing glitch in gifted children. Many of these children seem to be “allergic” to their pencil. They break out in whining as soon as they get a pencil or pen in their hand.

Let’s look at what is happening in the brain of this child when he is asked to write something. God designed our left-brain hemisphere to concentrate on learning a new task, such as driving a car or riding a bike. After some concentrated practice, that task is then supposed to transfer over the brain midline into the right brain, which is responsible for the automaticity of the process. If we imagine the left brain hemisphere as the “Concentrating Brain” and the right hemisphere as the “Automatic Brain,” we can see how this transfer allows us to “think and do” at the same time. Generally, when we teach a child how to write, after six months of practice, that writing crosses over into the automatic brain hemisphere so the child can “think and write” at the same time. For many children, this transfer does not occur easily. Thus, they have to expend so much more “battery energy,” or level of concentration to a writing task than other children. Dr. Mel Levine in his book One Mind at a Time calls these learning blocks “energy leaks.”

This particular blocked learning gate or “energy leak” can be called a grapho-motor processing problem, a visual/motor integration problem, a fine motor problem, or dysgraphia.

This often explains the mystery of why many children learn their spelling words easily by writing them in a workbook or writing them five times each, and another child can write his words hundreds of times and still not store the spelling word in his long-term memory. Now we realize that this struggling child has to use his “battery energy” just for the writing process, so the spelling words cannot be transferred into the right brain, where our long-term memory is stored. Thus, the method of copying to learn is totally ineffective for this child. Our job is to recognize this, and to help him open up his writing gate. This can easily be done in the home setting.

Further Investigation

Let’s look at some of the symptoms these children with a blocked writing gate are presenting to us daily:

  1. Frequent or occasional reversals in letters (after age seven)
  2. Makes many letters from bottom to top (vertical reversals)
  3. Writing is very labor intensive
  4. Copying is poor, takes a long time, or is like artwork
  5. Mixes capital and small letters in writing
  6. Tells great stories orally, but writes very little
  7. Does all math problem mentally to avoid writing them down
  8. Has difficulty lining up numbers in multiplication or division

No child has all of these characteristics, but if your child has several, you may consider that this is an area where he or she is struggling.


When a parent recognizes that their child has a blocked learning gate, and is not merely being sloppy or resistant to writing without a reason, then some steps can be taken to alleviate some of the writing burden on the child until the problem can be corrected.

  1. Reduce the amount of writing a child needs to do during the day. Do more answers for chapter questions orally. Limit the amount of writing in workbooks.
  2. Reduce or eliminate copying for three to four months. Save the child’s “battery energy” for writing paragraphs or papers and for doing math.
  3. Use another method of learning spelling words that does not include writing in a workbook, or writing each word multiple times. Right Brain Spelling, which uses a child’s Photographic Memory is an excellent way to teach spelling without writing.
  4. Teach the child keyboarding for some writing projects. However, it is important to remember that most children who have dysgraphia also find keyboarding quite labor intensive, so it is not a complete answer.


It is important to not simply compensate for this writing glitch, but to also take steps to eliminate it, so the child can experience fluency in the writing process. There are various methods that can be successfully used at home to correct this writing processing problem. Here is the method that has been reported to be the least expensive, while being the most effective for eliminating dysgraphia or any writing or visual/spatial glitch:

  1. The DVD “Smart Kids Who Hate to Write” demonstrates a daily exercise to do at home that crosses the midline to open the child’s writing gate. This increases writing fluency and eliminates reversals. This daily 15-minute exercise rehabilitates the Visual/Spatial system. No more left/right confusion!
  2. Daily Lesson Plans for the Struggling Writer and Speller includes the daily method that Dianne used with her bright students with a glitch when teaching them in a school setting. At the end of the year they were all writing short papers, and their spelling had improved by three years (ages first to ninth grades).


A child can have a learning glitch, or block in a learning gate, that causes him to struggle everyday with schoolwork, without the parent’s knowledge. Using some simple checklists, the parent can identify this problem, and design the school day to be less frustrating. More importantly the parent can avail herself of all the wonderful corrective techniques available, so that the child does not need to struggle with the burden of having to work so hard at writing, or with a dysgraphia. God has wonderful answers for us. He leads us in so many ways, and we are ever grateful.

Copyright 2011. Used by permission of author. First published in Arizona Home Education Journal, June 2011.

Dianne Craft, a former homeschooling mother, has a Masters in Special Education, and is director of the clinic Child Diagnostics, Inc., in Littleton, CO. She speaks at homeschool conventions around the U.S. For more articles written by Dianne on children and learning, and for teaching videos, visit her website